Characterization of the Seed and Leaf Lipids of High and Low Linolenic Acid Flax Genotypes

January 1, 1987 Human Health and Nutrition Data 0 Comments

Characterization of the Seed and Leaf Lipids of High and Low Linolenic Acid Flax Genotypes

Year: 1987
Authors: Tonnet, M.L., Green, A.G.
Publication Name: Arc.Biiochem.& Biophys.
Publication Details: Volume 252; Number 2; Pages 646-654


The total seed lipids of four flax (Linum usitatissimum) genotypes, differing markedly in their acyl composition, were extracted and fractionated using column, preparative, and thin-layer chromatography. In the total lipid extract of seeds, the lower linolenate content of the cultivar Glenelg (39.1% compared to that of cv. Croxton (50.5%) was associated with a higher oleate content. Further reductions in linolenate content in the induced mutants of cv. Glenelg, Ml722 (17.2%)and “Zero” (1.9%) were accompanied by equivalent increases in linoleate but only minor increases in oleate. Similar changes were observed in the major triacylglycerol fraction of the simple lipids (fatty acid esters of glycerol and sterols), but there was considerable heterogeneity for acyl composition in the minor simple lipid components, including both diacylglycerols and sterol esters, and the complex lipids (glycolipids and phospholipids). The induced mutations substantially reduced linolenate content of all lipid fractions but in no case was it eliminated. Maturation of “Zero” seed at 15/10oC (compared to 24/19oC) increased linoleate and decreased stearate and oleate contents in all lipid fractions. In contrast to seed lipids, the acyl composition of the leaf lipids of the mutant genotypes was the same as those
of their parent. Author's Abstract.

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