Haploid formation in maize, barley, flax, and potato

January 1, 2006 Human Health and Nutrition Data 0 Comments

Haploid formation in maize, barley, flax, and potato

Year: 2006
Authors: Pret’ová, A., Obert, B., Bartošová, Z.
Publication Name: Protoplasma
Publication Details: Volume 228; Pages 107–114


The article is reviewing some significant features and issues in the process of haploid formation in two important monocotyledonous crop plants – maize and barley – and in two dicotyledonous plants – flax and potato. Exotic maize lines with higher androgenic response turned up as a good source for this heritable trait and this valuable trait can be incorporated into elite maize lines via crossing. Lots of attempts were devoted to identifying some cytological and/or morphological markers for androgenic response in maize microspore cultures. The “starlike’’ organization of the cytoplasm inside the induced maize microspores together with the enlarged size of induced microspores can be considered as morphological markers for androgenic response. In barley, microspores with rich cytoplasm that was of granular appearance with the nucleus located near the cell wall and with no visible vacuole had the largest survival rate and many of these cells continued in development and produced embryos. In flax, a dramatic increase of induction rate in anther cultures (up to 25%) was achieved when flax anthers were pretreated for 3 days at 4 °C and afterwards kept for 1 day at 35 °C. Also gynogenesis in flax has been reported already and complete plants were obtained. In potato microspore cultures, formation of two dissimilar cells indicated a strong polarization in the system and as a result of this polarization a prominent suspensor
developed that persisted until the torpedo stage of the androgenic embryo. This was the first time the formation of a well developed suspensor was
described in connection with androgenesis. Author's Abstract.

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