In Vitro Biohydrogenation and Total Tract Digestibility of Oleamide by Sheep

January 1, 1998 Human Health and Nutrition Data 0 Comments

In Vitro Biohydrogenation and Total Tract Digestibility of Oleamide by Sheep

Year: 1998
Authors: Reeves, L.M., Williams, M.L., Jenkins, T.C.
Publication Name: J. Sci. Food Agric.
Publication Details: Volume 77; Pages 187 – 192


Disappearance of cis-18:1(n-9) from ruminal in vitro cultures supplemented with either oleic acid or oleamide was measured over 48 h to determine if the amide resisted biohydrogenation. Oleamide added to the substrate maintained higher concentrations of cis-18:1(n-9) in the microbial cultures at 24 and 48 h of incubation compared to substrates with added oleic acid. Disappearance rates of cis-18:1(n-9) from the cultures, which were calculated as a measure of biohydrogenation, were 0.064 and 0.025 h-1 for the oleic acid and oleamide supplements, respectively. Four sheep were fed four diets (control, 42 g kg-1 oleic acid, 23 g kg-1 oleamide, and 45 g kg-1 oleamide) in a 4×4 Latin square to determine how the amide affected fatty acid digestibility. Total tract digestibilities of protein and Ðbre were not affected (P>0.05) by either oleic acid or oleamide compared to the control diet. Fatty acid and energy digestibilities were not changed (P>0.05) by oleic acid, but were increased (P<0.05) when oleamide was added to the sheep diets at 45 g kg-1. These results show that oleamide resists ruminal biohydrogenation without impairing fatty acid digestibility. Author's Abstract.

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