Pleiotropic Effect of Phenolic Compounds Content Increases in Transgenic Flax Plant

January 1, 2005 Human Health and Nutrition Data 0 Comments

Pleiotropic Effect of Phenolic Compounds Content Increases in Transgenic Flax Plant

Year: 2005
Authors: Lorenc-Kukula, K., Amarowicz, R., Oszmianski, J., Doermann, P., Starzycki, M., Skala, J., Zuk, M., et. Al.
Publication Name: J. Agric. Food Chem.
Publication Details: Volume 53; Pages 3685-3692


The principal goal of this paper was to generate flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) plants with increased antioxidant properties. To accomplish this a vector containing a multigene construct was prepared, and transgenic plants overexpressing essential flavonoid biosynthesis pathway enzymes were generated and analyzed. The simultaneous expression of genes encoding chalcone synthase (CHS), chalcone isomerase (CHI), and dihydroflavonol reductase (DFR) resulted in a significant increase of flax antioxidant capacity. To investigate the determinants of higher antioxidant properties of transgenic plants, the phenolic acids and lignans compound contents were measured. In both green part and seed extracts from transgenic plants, the phenolic acids level was increased when compared to the control. The calculated correlation coefficient between phenolic acids content and antioxidant capacity (0.82 and 0.70 for green part and flaxseed, respectively) perfectly reflects their strong relationship. The increase in yield of transgenic plants and their higher resistance to Fusarium culmorum and Fusarium oxysporum when compared to the control plants was a characteristic feature. It was assessed a very high correlation (correlation coefficient = 0.9) between phenolic acids level in flaxseed
extract and resistance to F. culmorum. The flowering date of transgenic plants was ~ 3 weeks earlier than that of the control plants. Interestingly, a significant increase in monounsaturated fatty acids and a slight increase in lignans content accompanied the increase in antioxidant properties of flaxseeds. Author's Abstract.

Back to Databases

Affiliated Organizations

Flax Focus Newsletter

Stay up-to-date with important flax news and announcements with our FLAX FOCUS newsletter.