Storage Stability of Milled Flaxseed

January 1, 2000 Human Health and Nutrition Data 0 Comments

Storage Stability of Milled Flaxseed

Year: 2000
Authors: Malcolmson, L.J. Pryzbylski, R. Daun, J.K.
Publication Name: JAOCS
Publication Details: Volume 77; Pages 235 – 238.


Two samples of flaxseed, Linott and a mixture of several varieties, were milled and stored at 23 � 2�C for 128 d in paper bags with plastic liners. Samples were evaluated at 0, 33, 66, 96, and 128 d for chemical, sensory, and volatile indicators of quality. Neither the mixed variety nor Linott samples showed a significant increase in peroxide values or conjugated double bonds throughout the 128-d storage period. Only the Linott sample showed a significant increase in free fatty acids, which was likely due to the presence of immature seed in the sample. Total volatiles increased with storage in the mixed variety sample but showed minimal change in the Linott sample. Overall, the levels of total volatiles in the milled flaxseed samples were much lower than levels reported in stored vegetable oils containing significantly lower levels of linolenic acid. Dienals, formed during polyunsaturated fatty acid oxidation, and hexanal, a compound used as an indicator of oxidative deterioration, were found at very low levels in both samples and did not reach high levels throughout the 128-d storage period. A trained sensory panel could not detect any differences in the odor properties of fresh or stored milled samples. No differences in flavor could be detected between bread made with 0- and 128-d milled flaxseed. This study showed that milled flaxseed can be stored up to 4 mon at ambient temperatures without noticeable changes in quality. The presence of endogenous antioxidants in the milled flaxseed may account for the stability observed. (Author�s abstract)
The use of milled flaxseed in bakery products has become increasingly popular. Few studies have been undertaken to examine the stability of milled flaxseed.. Thus, the objectives of this study were to determine the stability of milled flaxseed stored at ambient temperatures characteristic of bakery operations and to measure oxidative stability using a number of techniques including volatile component analyses and chemical and sensory methods. Both Linott and the mixed variety flaxseed were stable over 128 d of storage at 23 � 2�C as measured by peroxide values, free fatty acids, conjugated double bonds, volatile components, and sensory evaluation. These findings suggest the presence of endogenous antioxidants in the milled flaxseed that prevented oxidation of the unsaturated fatty acids and the corresponding development of off-flavors. Additional studies should be undertaken to determine the maximal shelf life of milled flaxseed and to determine what components in the milled seed impart lipid stability. (Editor�s comments)

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